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Elementary School Students’ Developmental Needs

The elementary years are a time when students begin to develop their academic self-concept and their feelings of competence and confidence as learners. They are beginning to develop decision-making, communication and life skills, as well as character values. It is also a time when students develop and acquire attitudes toward school, self, peers, social groups and family. Comprehensive developmental school counseling programs provide education, prevention and intervention services, which are integrated into all aspects of children’s lives. Early identification and intervention of children’s academic and personal/social needs is essential in removing barriers to learning and in promoting academic achievement. The knowledge, attitudes and skills that students acquire in the areas of academic, career and personal/social development during these elementary years serve as the foundation for future success.

OCPS Elementary School Counselors

Elementary school counselors have master’s degrees and are certified in school counseling. They are professionals with a mental health perspective who understand and respond to the challenges presented by today’s diverse student population. As a member of a school team, a counselor provides a comprehensive guidance program for students in grades K-5 designed to help students achieve success in school.

The counselor implements the elementary guidance curriculum; counsels small groups and individual students with problems that create barriers to school success; consults with teachers, staff and parents regarding meeting the developmental needs of students; and refers students with severe problems to appropriate community agencies in consultation with their parents.

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